In our Philosophy course, we are dealing with the concept of culture.
The fact that cultures are so different (well, at least they used to be) faces us with the issue of how we react in front of other cultural patterns.
There are several possibilities, several possible attitudes, but the two main positions are called ethnocentrism and cultural relativism. Each of them may lead to other related attitudes and social behaviour, and there is not an easy way to recommend or encourage the adoption of any of them regardless of their consequences.
I want yo to do the following tasks. Let's say there are two options, and you have to choose between them:
- OPTION A: Exercises 7, 9 and 11 in our booklet (pp. 4-5).
- OPTION B: Exercises 8, 10 and 11 (ditto).
Deadline: Wednesday, March 20.
In order to cast some further light on these well-known concepts, here you have some easy clips (along with the one appearing on page 4). The two first embrace a positive view of cultural relativism. The third goes a bit deeper, and add some nuances. The last one is a criticism of moral (not cultural, but they are closely related) relativism, showing its limits.